Maria Oikonomopoulou our female war correspondent reports about why Britain was in WWII!

Lear more about the causes from Emily Wu

Appeasement was thought of by British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, who thought he could placate Hitler by appeasing him.


The League of Nations

The League of Nations was an international organization that aimed to make the world more peaceful. Already in spring 1915 the name “League of Nations” was in general use among the small groups ,which were discussing the future organization of peace .

The League of Nations has its originsin the Fourteen Points speech of President of Britain that time Woodrow Wilson, part of a presentation given in January 1918 outlining of his ideas for peace after the killing of a big number of people on World War I.

Wilson envisioned an organization that was charged with resolving conflicts before they exploded into bloodshed and warfare. The league of Nation was finally created in 1920.
The countries that supported the league of Nations were France, Britain, Japan and Italy. Many other countries followed like Sweden, Switzerland, Greece and Czechoslovakia. Some of the areas of dispute that the League of Nations got involved in the 1920s was Poland with Lithuania because of the city of Vilna, Finland and Sweden, Hungary and Romania , Yugoslavia and Austria and Albania and Greece.

The league of Nation failed because there was unanimity and they could not agree in order to take a decision. 42 countries joined at the start and in the 1930s there were 60 countries(making the LON look strong). U.S.A, Germany and Russia did not join, and the three of them were big powers within the world with lots of economic/military presence. That was the reason the League of Nations failed. If a country was trade band it could only trade with U.S.A because it was not in the league of Nations. That is why U.S.A did not want to participate in the league of Nations.

Why the War Started

Great depression was a worldwide economic downturn and begun in 1929 it lasted until 1939.

It was the longest depression that was ever experienced by the Western World, Changes in economic situation policy and economic theory. It caused World War 2 because there is no doubt the Great Depression helped to bring the war :Unemployment and poverty it caused great anger.
The Great Depression and the Versailles Treaty enabled Hitler's rise to power in Germany. Germany was forced to assume all blame for the war—a war which it did not start. Germany also lost valuable industrial sections of the country to France, and some of its eastern territory was lost to recreate Poland.

The depression was caused by the stock market crash of 1929. The Great Depression affected all aspects of society. By its height in 1933, unemployment had risen from 3% to 25% of the nation’s workforce. Wages for those who still had jobs and many farmers to lose their farms.

Learn more about the british leaders from James Miller

Neville Chamberlain, was Prime Minister from 1937 to 1940 ruling over England was important for involving in the attempt at appeasement for Nazi Germany.

Learn more about the homefront in Britain from Daniil Savytski

Yesterday, January 8th, 1940, the craziest thing happened! Rationing had begun in Britain, meaning all of the British had a food limit to a certain amount of food.

The Fighter Aces

The definition of militarism is a belief that a strong military force should be maintained and used aggressively to promote national interests and that the military should play a central role in society.

Militarism was important in contributing to WWII. Hitler always appeared in military uniform and did not let the public forget that the German army did not lose in the field, but rather the civilian leadership "betrayed" the army at Versailles. Military parades would be a sign of Nazi party strength throughout the time the party maintained power.

The rise of Japanese Militarism in the 1930's was triggered by a serious economic crisis and a weak civilian government. In Japan, the military was promoted as a way for the country to ensure its continued growth. Japan joined Germany and Italy in the Tripartite Pact agreeing to help each other if the United States joined in WW2.The symbol of the state and the Emperor of Japan was Hirohito. In the 1930's the Japanese military established almost complete control over the government of Japan following the assassination of prime minister, Inukai Tsuyoshi, was assassinated by right-wing Militarists. The Militarists were anti-democratic nationalists, aggressive expansionists who believed that Japan was destined to dominate Eastern Asia. The Militarists assassinated political enemies, persecuted communists and made the decision to invade Manchuria in northern China.


The League of Nations