Matteo Bossel, our award wining war corespondent coming at you from Germany on hom the war started!

Read all about Hitler and his life.

Hitler wanted to make Germany strong, but Germany just lost at the end, again facing the tragedy, like in the World War 1. From Hitler, we can learn that using force to take over another country always fail, and pays the cost for it.

How did we get to war?

Why did the most problematic disaster happen?

World War Two, which lasted between September 1939 and September 1945, was the deadliest battle in history killing up to an insane 85 million people! Making it a truly horrific battle so much so that The United States had to transfer over $12 billion (equivalent to $130 billion in 2019) in economic recovery programs to Western European economies after the end of World War II. Germany also had to pay a lot of money (US$23 billion mainly in machinery and manufacturing plants.). It happened mainly as a form of revenge and desperation. To find out how that war got there, read more.

Before World War II began two men rose to power in Italy and Germany. Benito Mussolini was the first one to rise to power and become president only 4 years after the first world war in 1922. 11 years after he came Adolf Hitler in 1933, who was and still is one of the most popular chancellors in the world. Together they became one of the most powerful allies in the world. Them along with Japan formed the axis powers, who later became the number one enemies of the allied powers.

Soon after Hitler came to power he decided to invade part of Austria and Czechosloslovakia. It was a gamble as he only sent in a small army but it managed to pay off. This played a big part in Germany becoming powerful. It did make the Czechosloslovakians mad as there was nothing they could do about it. The British Prime Neville Chamberlain didn't react to these invasions because he thought that by making the German chancellor happy, this last wouldn’t attack any other country.

Overall World War II started for a mix of reasons as you'll see it later. And it was the biggest war in history. The amount of damage was insane and caused years to repair. If it was not for Hitler's desire of revenge, the war would have had never started. Indeed, the treaty of Versailles signed in 2019, at the end of World War I, was an humiliation for Germany. Many German people felt outraged as they lost so much land and embarrassed. Hitler's election was the reflect of an entire population's frustration.

The most critical event as to why the war started was because Hitler invaded Poland and betrayed his promise to the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain. Hitler wanted indeed to get more power in order to attack Soviet Union and France and get the revenge that the whole German population wanted.

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What caused militarism?

As we said it before, Militarism arose because the Germans wanted revenge and wanted to attack the countries responsible for The Treaty of Versailles. The Germans hated the Treaty as it forced the Germans to retreat. Hitler himself also hated the treaty of Versailles. Hitler and many others top officials wanted revenge. Soon after the appeasement Hitler was still not satisfied and decided to invade Poland, completely breaking his promise. In doing so he made so many other countries angry.

Early on Hitler's aggressive ways made the Allied powers cautious about Germany. Many people other than Germans were quite unhappy with Hitler's Ways and thought they were unfair. But of course, the Germans thought his actions were great and kept loving him for what he envisioned. His ways were the main thing that got him popular in Europe. Things started getting more and more heated Between the Allied and axis powers as time went on because Hitler kept saying to people that he was going to get revenge and attack the people responsible for the bad economic situation.

The main issue was that Hitler had made an alliance with Poland for 10 years, which made it very hard for people to forgive him when he attacked Poland. In response to this aggression, the Allied powers started to get aggressive and attacked Germany. Because of this, World War II got official and the war between the Allies and the Axis powers began

Soon after World War II started. Germany set up a military alliance with Italy, who had already conquered both Ethiopia and Albania and Japan who managed to conquer Korean Peninsula, Taiwan and the southern half of the Far east Soviet Island of Sakhalin. Together these three countries formed the Axis powers. Which became the formidable enemies of the Allied powers

In summary, militarism arose for many reasons including all of the above. It was a German frustration between world war I and II which kept rising until reaching a peak when world war II was declared. So all of Hitlers actions were the main reasons as to why the world war started. That day when the war started it went on to change the history books

Learn about the homefront

During World War Two in Germany (1939-1945) people who had money couldn't just walk into stores and buy things as much as they wanted. At that time most things were rationed, which meant that despite having enough money to buy as much as you could only buy the thing that allowed to .

Learn more about how the war started

The British and France thought that if they give Germany the lands then they will stop the invasion but they didn’t and kept on invading. And so World War Two bursted...

Learn about key battles

The battle of France started on May 10th 1940 and ended on June 25th 1940. In this battle the German army used a lot of new strategies and one of them and the most popular was the Blitzkrieg which was also called lightning war.

The League of Nations

As we mentioned previously that the Treaty of Versailles was a key reason for the start of World War II, it is also important to explain what happened after this treaty signature, between World War I and World War II.

In 1920 The League of Nations was created by Woodrow Willson, the American President during the First World War. He had a vision to bring peace in the world. So he decided to create the league of Nations which became one of the most popular stop future wars and conflicts from happening. The whole thing was a great idea but it ended up failing miserably so much so that it caused war. Read more to find out why.

Speaking before the U.S. Congress on January 8, 1918, President Woodrow Wilson enumerated the last of his Fourteen Points, which called for a “general association of nations…formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike.”

When it came to its flaws, one of the main reasons was that he needed America to join. When he proposed to America to join, they needed to have a vote. Since there were many German immigrants in America, they lobbied to be a no which meant that the league of Nations didn't have any army to reinforce the rules. Also in many cases the league of Nations failed to prevent conflicts like in Austria when it got attacked and in the Manchurian crisis.

One of the main failures was that its decisions were often made slowly because it had no troops of its own and a lot of countries had to align on common decisions. Because of this, many conflicts were not solved like when Italy invaded Abyssinia it took almost a year to take action. After these disasters the League was thought to be weak and powerless and stopped operations in 1939. However, the League of Nations was not officially dismantled until 1946, which was 1 year after the war ended.

Since the league of Nations failed Italy decided to leave it and continue its conquests. Which is the time when Japan and Germany formed an alliance with Italy and became the axis powers.

It caused war when the league of nations failed to stop the invasion of Poland in 1939, which remains, to this day, one of the most popular dates in history. This failure was incredibly catastrophic as not only did it cause war, but it completely broke apart the league of Nations.

The Treaty of Versailles

So, what was written in the Treaty of Versailles? The treaty meant that the Germans had to surrender, which made German citizens very angry that the Germany had lost. At that time, the great depression greatly affected the population because the global economics were going down. America lost all their money which stopped the trade going from America to Germany which made Germany poor as well. The treaty of Versailles was a big part in the league of nations as it was a document the Germans wanted to overcome. Because of the Treaty of Versailles, Hitler was very angry, so he started to make a plan for revenge. That was also about the time when Hitler was getting popular as he was trying to become the new Chancellor. Without the Treaty of Versailles the war probably would've not started. Here is why...

The main terms of the Treaty of Versailles were:

War Guilt Clause – Germany should accept the blame for starting World War One

Reparations – Germany had to pay 6,600 million pounds for the damage caused by the war

Disarmament – Germany was only allowed to have a small army and six naval ships. No tanks, no air force and no submarines were allowed. The Rhineland area was to be de-militarised.

Territorial Clauses – Land was taken away from Germany and given to other countries. Anschluss (union with Austria) was forbidden.

Some reactions to this treaty:

"Those who sign this treaty, will sign the death sentence of many millions of German men, women and children.

Count Brockdorff-Rantzau, leader of the German delegation to Versailles (15 May 1919)."

"The disgraceful Treaty is being signed today. Don’t forget it! We will never stop until we win back what we deserve.

From Deutsche Zeitung, Only one year after Hitler became Chancellor he decided to secretly start building up his own army by making warships and expanding his army size which meant he already broke the Treaty of Versailles. He also created a German air force and launched a Compulsory military service. World War II was already in preparation.

Sources:

1: https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-were-the-main-causes-of-world-war-ii.html

2: https://www.historyonthenet.com/world-war-two-causes

3: https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/z92hw6f/revision/14:https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/wiki/League_of_Nations