David Yang, celebrated war correspondent, reports directly from the battlement in Japan bringing the latest news about the war!

Read Bryant Hong's article about rationing in WW2 and how it had affected Japan

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Rationing is something in limitation and it was started, but it works same as money. It had affect many people in World War 2.

Joining the war

Hirohito was born on 1901 April 29th.

When he was born, his grandfather was emperor. But his grandfather died when he was 11, and he became crown prince. In 1921, he visited Europe, being the first crown prince to travel abroad.

Then later on, his father died because of an illness in 1926, and he got full reign as emperor of Japan. As a child, he was told that emperors do not govern the country, so he rarely governed the country and left the job to his generals, although many of them were ambitious; some of them even planned to invade China. Some people said that he was afraid that if he disobeyed his generals, he would be assassinated, even though some also said that he was fully participating in the war. In 1940 September 27th Japan officially joined the war, and under Hirohito's lead the long, cold war with the Allied forces truly began...

Ambitious leaders and successful attacks

Hirohito had an aggressive leader named Hideki Tojo that wanted to invade China in order for more land, and this led to the attack on Manchuria. The attack on Manchuria went well, as well as the infamous attack on Pearl Harbor directed by Yamamoto in which our country, Japan, busted America's naval forces in 1941 December 7th. Under Hirohito and other generals' such as Yamamoto and Tojo's command, our goal to defeat the Allied Forces was getting closer and closer. We tried our best in defeating America and Britain, but the German chancellor Adolf Hitler made a terrible mistake in attacking the Soviet Union, which was a powerful ally until they went to the other side. Soon after that we started losing, with many wars lost (thanks to Hitler)and when the war was nearly over only Germany and ourselves were left of the once glorious group of ambitious countries that wanted more land for their country.

After the war

Unfortunately, the war didn't go well for us, and in 1945 America dropped an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, instantly killing 80,000 people. To prevent our country and our people from suffering, Hirohito did what a good emperor should do and announced his surrender over radio in 1945. This was the first time the Japan citizens heard his voice. After the war, the leaders of Japan were all tried for war crimes, Hirohito as well. But luckily, General Douglas Mac Arthur allowed him to live in order to help Japan recover quickly, but the supreme control of the emperor was removed, and the emperor now became 'the symbol of the state'. Later on, Hirohito began showing himself in public, and that greatly increased his popularity. He died in 1989, January 7th, aged 87. He was the longest reigning emperor in Japan; leading Japan 63 years. He rode on a white horse named Shirayuki. Before he died, he answered one of this reporter's questions: Why did you surrender to America. His reply was: " I was unwilling to give up on the war, but this is my country and I needed to keep my citizens from harm."

Summary

Hirohito didn't help win the war, but he did the right choice by preventing his country from being attacked even more, even though that meant that Japan would lose the war. All good leaders must care for their country, make sure that their people had equal rights, and fulfill their responsibilities of protecting their people when their country is in peril. Hirohito didn't really bother to govern his country, but when our country was attacked he surrendered in order to keep the Japanese people safe. We should follow the way he takes his responsibilities. He died because of cancer.

Yamamoto, A highly educated Japanese General

Yamamoto was the 6th children of Sadayoshi Takano, and he was born on 1884 April 4th in Japan.

Graduated from Harvard(1919-1921), he was very skilled at English and he liked to play poker and bridge, which allowed him to earn extra incomes from that. He disliked the American Naval forces and called them a club for poker players, even though he developed a healthy respect for American Industrial capacity. He was promoted to rear admiral in 1929, and begun the development of fast carrier-borne fighter planes, which is a program that produced the Famous Zero fighters.

In 1941 December 7th, He launched an attack in the air on pearl harbor in America in order to cripple the American naval forces and war ships.

The infamous attack on Pearl Harbor

The plan, which was a well-planned surprise attack that began on 7:55am on December 7th, was launched in order to prevent the U.S pacific fleet from interfering with Japanese military actions. 353 Japanese fighter planes, bomber planes and torpedo planes were launched in two waves. Out of the 8 U.S navy ships, 4 were reduced to a wreckage (sunk), and none of them escaped the thick, powerful bullet rain fired by our brave pilots that had done their job perfectly. After the battle our enemy (Americans) suffered huge casualties, with 2403 Americans dead and 1178 Americans wounded, with 188 U.S aircrafts that were also destroyed. Our pilots watched as heavy war ships sunk slowly into the water and listened to the painful moaning of the Americans. In some ways we even pitied the wounded even though they were our enemy. If it was not the case that Japan were in war, many people probably would've gave them mercy. This reporter asked a general in our country how they feel about the victorious attack on Pearl Harbor, and the high-ranking officer fell on the ground in heaps of laughter. When the officer finally calmed down, he replied that the Americans were no match for Japan and begged for mercy. Although it seemed that what he said was highly unlikely, one thing that was true was America actually lost to us, completely unaware of the silent, swift attack on their warships. However, when this reporter interviewed a civilian named Takako Kuni( female), the citizen replied that she herself pitied the Americans that died and hoped that they now rest in peace. In some parts of the plan though, it was extremely complicated and many of the pilots got confused and went the wrong direction. Nevertheless, Japan still fought a victorious war. This led to America joining the war the next day, which is the 8th of December, 1941. The only thing in the detailed plan that backfired was the Americans weren't going to keep away from war; instead it was this attack itself that led to the Americans joining the war, therefore he was the cause of America joining the war-it was he who launched the attack on Pearl Harbor and made America suffer huge losses.

A clear and just mind

However, one point was to be made clear: he was unwilling to sign the Tripartite pact with the Germans, and also warned the other generals that America was going to be a great enemy. He wasn't as reckless as the other generals. He married Reino Mihashi, and later on died at the age of 59 in 1943 April 18th , at Bougainville. It happened when he was on an inspection tour; however the Americans intercepted it and launched an operation named Operation Vengeance. He was shot down by an U.S pilot when he was recognized.

Our national hero

Yamamoto died at the age of just 59! The good thing was his name was remembered and he was known as an legendary national hero. We asked Yamamoto himself once about how he felt about opposing to America, and he said that " It was unwise to attack America because of their large industrial capacity. It is incorrect to sign the pact with Germany. I strongly disagree in attacking America!" He was out of these three commanders, the most cautious and reasonable one.

Discover how Japan joined the War with the PERFECT and BEST Mirei Yogi!

In 1919, Japan was unhappy about the Treaty of Versailles, which took place in France, because French and British did not treat the Japanese as equal partners. The Great Depression also played an important role in Japan causing it to become angry and aggressive.

Find out more about the battles in ww2! by Allen Qi

The attack on Pearl Harbor happened from ('started on' is correct) December 7th, 1941. Our army and the US army had a battle on the island (Pearl Habor). This island is located in Hawaii on island Oahu. Our army had an unstoppable plan to attack the US island.

Find out EVEN MORE about causes of ww2 together with Jessica Zhu

World War Two causes were numerous, They include the impact of the Treaty of Versailles following WWI, the worldwide economic depression, failure of appeasement, the rise of militarism in Germany and Japan, and the failure of the League of Nations.

 

Key role in WW2 and early life

General Tojo was born on 1884 December 30th, Japan.

He graduated from the Imperial Military Academy and the Military Staff College, plus he was known as a shrewd bureaucrat and his nickname was 'Razor Tojo', as he was also strict and efficient.

He was made commander of the 1st infantry regiment in 1928, and he succeeded Konoe Fumimaro as prime minister in 1941 October 18th. After that he pledged his government to a program called 'A new order in Asia' which lead on to the invasion of Manchuria. However, the success of the Allied attacks on the Mariana weakened his government, and in 1944 July 16th he was removed as chief of staff. In July 18th his entire cabinet resigned. Soon after that, Japan lost the war, and near the end of the war, he attempted to shoot himself in a suicide attempt in 1945 September 11th. Unfortunately he was nursed back to health and he was found guilty and hanged with other war criminals.

Invasion of Manchuria

General Tojo was one of the prominent figures in the 1930’s, and he was extremely crucial about fine details. He was integral part of our country’s invasion into Manchuria, which was to first blow up their bridge leading to China then accuse the Chinese bandits for it. This enabled Tojo to give him and his government the excuse to attack Manchuria, and the world did nothing to stop them because the biggest countries were too poor to stop them.

The reason why Japan joined the war

Later on, the Allied forces had no other choice but to give them land. Tojo became greedier and greedier; which was unwise since he already had enough land, so he asked for more and more land. America and the other countries finally began taking action and preventing us from invading China even more, although we knew that since we already got to this stage, it would be absurd, even hilarious to give up and just leave. Due to America openly disagreeing our request, Tojo and others decided to open war on America and defy the Allied forces. Additionally, he was one of the people who gave Hirohito ambitious advice, as a result of all his plans, and his key role in the attack on China, he was said to be a war criminal that organized the attack on Manchuria.

Right and wrong

He is right in some ways though. Here is a reply from Tojo after given the question: Why should Japan attack other countries. " Of course, China has many amazing culture and artefacts, but Imperial Japan is a powerful country, and it needs more land. China is the best choice for a place to expand our land. It is near to us, and it is easy to attack." capture would be better

The conclusion is; although it is wrong to invade other countries and be so aggressive, this meant that if you are weak, it would be natural to get attacked. It was sad to see Tojo use all of his cleverness on war. He was overall a good general, one with the ambition and cleverness.

Comparison for all three mighty Japanese leaders

After comparing all three leaders, we found these important facts about them.

The one who had the most impact on Japan joining the war was Tojo because he had a key role in the Manchurian crisis. Yamamoto was probably the one most hated by the Americans, as his attack on Pearl Harbor made America suffer huge losses; although in our country, he was very respected. As for Hirohito, he was the longest reigning emperor in Japan, and because he was the emperor who commanded Japan when it was WW2, lots of people in Japan remembered him because of that. Written below are some of the most important information about them and their impact on how WW2 started.

Hirohito was the longest reigning emperor that had many ambitious generals that had great plans in store for Japan; some even wanted to invade China because they wanted Japan to have more land. Because Hirohito didn't really govern his country, most of Japan's movements and actions were done by other generals. That’s why there are people who say that Hirohito was afraid that if he didn’t agree with his generals, they would kill him. He allowed plans for the attack on China and the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Near the end of the war, in order to prevent his country from getting bombed and his people from getting hurt, he surrendered to the Allied Forces. He was supposed to be tried for war crimes but Douglas Mac Arthur let him live in order to help Japan recover itself. He was well known for being the longest reigning emperor in Japan and as a result he was called "Emperor Showa", meaning the emperor of peace.

General Hideki Tojo was a strict bureaucrat that played a crucial part in the invasion of Manchuria. He was one of the most prominent people in the 1930, and played the largest role in Japanese militarism and aggression in that time as well. Without him, Japan probably wouldn't have joined the war and signed the Tripartite pact with the Germans. In 1945 September 11th he tried to shoot himself in a suicide attempt. Alas, he was nursed back to health and tried for war crimes. He was hanged with other war criminals.

Yamamoto Isoroku was an ingenious rear admiral that produced several clever schemes that led to Japan winning some battles using aerial forces. As a general that is loyal to his country, he tried his best in helping our country win. His attack on Pearl Harbor was ultimately successful, however one thing in that plan which backfired was instead of forcing America to quit the war, it lead them in to joining the war.

This was the reason why the Americans hated Yamamoto so much. In 1943 April 18th , when he was on an inspection tour, American pilots recognized him and shot him down. He died at the age of 59, at Bougainville. Although he didn't live to see the war end, his name was remembered and he was remembered as a national hero. His name is Isoroku, Yamamoto Isoroku. When he was alive, he went on his business as usual, served his country, and was known as a normal rear admiral. But when he died, he became famous in his country, and was known as a respected soldier.

For more interesting and complicated information about the leaders and some definition of words, please check the following links.

Zero fighters

Detailed biography of Yamamoto Isoroku

Pearl Harbor attack

Sources for Hirohito WW2

Sources for Hideki Tojo

Isoroku Yamamoto

Hirohito Britannica Kids

More information about Hideki Tojo